Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics Alphabet
The hieroglyphic system of writing was complex and very labor intensive. The first hieroglyphics were used on buildings and tombs and it is believed that the Egyptians first began developing this system of writing around 3000 BC. In the following list you'll find some examples of hieroglyphics. These are the basic symbols the ancient Egyptians used in their writing, but there are many more.
|Vulture||Represents the Egyptian Vulture|
|Foot||Human foot and lower leg|
|Hand||Word for hand, actions or actions that are performed
Also used in iconography
|(Flowering) Reed||Ideogram, alphabetic uniliteral (consisting of one letter only) vowel 'i'|
(Hieroglyphic) Possessive pronoun - his, hers or its; written after the noun it refers to
|Jar Stand||Side view of a jar stand and base
Often used in reliefs for Amun (named the Lord of the Thrones of Egypt by using a plural of the jar stand hieroglyph, to reference the religious sites used by ancient Egyptians)
|Reed Shelter||Plan view of a reed shelter or enclosure
Egyptian uniliteral sign 'h'
|Wick||Wick of a lamp
Second uniliteral 'h'
|Cobra||Cobra at rest
Used in iconography to describe the pharaoh as 'given life, power, dominion, Ra-like, forever'
|(Wicker) Basket with handle||Iconographic portrayals with crossed lines or blocks of various colors|
|Lion reclining||Sphinx, or reclining lion|
|Owl||Owl, uniliteral 'm'|
|Ripple of water||One of the oldest ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs; one of the earliest findings was on a cartouche of Pharaoh Den of the First Dynasty
Mostly used as a preposition - main forms: 'in', 'to', or 'by'
|Red Crown||Vertical alternative to the horizontal N
The Deshret Crown, one of the oldest hieroglyphs, used to symbolist the 'Red Crown of the Delta' (Lower Egypt)
Famously used on the Narmer Palette, of Pharaoh Narmer
|Mat or stool (later) hieroglyph||Originally the stool's rectangular mat, later becoming a representation of the stool|
|Mouth||Implies use for speech
Also used in the representation of unit fractions
|Door bolt||Horizontal symbol 's'
Sliding form of deadbolt
|Folded Cloth||Vertical alternative to 's' symbol
Type of cushioning, or seat backing
|Bread Bun||Shaped as a semicircle, used as the alphabetic 't', feminine words or before other determinants or qualifying ideograms|
|Quail chick||Also representing the alphabetic 'u'.
Used often in its plural form, as determinative or in important sections of phrases
|Coil||Hieratic equivalent to the quail chick hieroglyph (above)|
|Sieve||Shape of a circular sieve
Also representing placenta
|Pool/Basin||Also seen as the lake hieroglyph|