Horus The Egyptian Falcon God
Horus, the Falcon God
Throughout the history of the Egyptian nation there are many references in mythology to several different Egyptian gods known as Horus; not just Horus the Egyptian falcon god. The first of these ancient Egyptian gods known as Horus appears in the early days of the Egyptian kingdom. It is believed that the first Horus, sometimes referred to as Horus the Elder, was a falcon god and creator god.
In the earliest stories regarding this deity, he was thought to be the son of Ra and that the eyes of the first Horus were the sun and the moon. In later stories, references to a Horus Egyptian falcon god indicate he was the son of Geb and Nut. The most popular version regarding one of the many Horus deities states he was in fact the son of Osiris.
Horus as Many Egyptian Gods
Horus may have been known in many forms, but he was always associated with the same symbol; that of the falcon. In almost all variations, Horus was known as the patron saint of the existing pharaoh. In fact, the pharaoh was often referred to as the 'Living Horus'.
The eye of Horus
Horus the Egyptian falcon god is often associated with the "Eye of Horus'; a symbol that is prominent throughout Egypt even until modern times. This symbol was found on the mummy on King Tutakhamen.
Perhaps the most well known version of the Horus mythology involves the birth of Horus following the death of his father. In this tale, Horus' parents are Osiris and Isis. Osiris was slain by his adversary and brother, Seth, prior to the birth of Horus. Later he was believed to have avenged the death of his father. The war that ensued as a result of Horus' attempts to avenge his father lasted for eighty years, with mutual casualties occurring between the two ancient Egyptian gods. In one scenario, Seth even tore an eye from Horus. It is believed that this incident led to Horus' association with his one eyed symbol.
Other versions and variants of Horus the Egyptian falcon god continues to be prevalent throughout Egypt, depending on the point in history and the location. Harmakhet is one of these many variations and is represented by a sphinx. Harpokrates is the version of Horus that is commonly associated with the deity that avenged the death of his father Osiris, at the hands of Seth. Like many other ancient Egyptian gods, Horus also became combined with the deity Ra. This version is known as Ra-Harakhte.
Unlike most Egyptian gods goddesses who were worshipped at specific cult centers in Egypt, Horus seems to have enjoyed immense popularity throughout the Egyptian nation.