Ancient Egypt for Kids
As one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever seen, the Ancient Egyptians are responsible for many of the ways we live today. Some of these include their inventions in medicine, music, the calendar and farming. The Egyptian Empire lasted from 3,150 B.C. to 30 B.C. and saw many different pharaohs during the three kingdoms called the Old Kingdom, Middle and New Kingdom.
Ancient Egypt History Timeline
- 3,500 B.C.: The first hieroglyphic symbols are used by craftsmen
- 2,500 B.C.: The Great Pyramid at Giza and The Great Sphinx are built.
- 1,550 B.C. – 332 B.C.: The New Kingdom Pharaohs are buried in the Valley of the Kings.
- 1,351 B.C.: Akhenaten, “Heretic King” starts a religious revolution within Egypt.
- 1,325 B.C.:King Tut (son of Akhenaten) is buried in the Valley of the Kings.
- 30 A.D.: Egypt becomes part of the Roman Empire.
Ancient Egypt’s Greatest Pharaohs
There were a lot more pharaohs in ancient Egypt, who reigned from 3100 BC until 30 BC, more than 3000 years! They were thought to be descendants of the gods.
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© Jan - 17th Dynasty Diadem
Ancient Egypt’s Greatest Structures
The greatest of all the structures in ancient Egypt are the pyramids. The very first pyramids were called step pyramids, and weren’t smooth on the sides, but rather had “steps.” An example of this type is the First Pyramid of Djoser.
Some of the most famous construction of ancient Egypt are located at Giza:
- The Great Pyramid of Giza stands 480 feet tall. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral in the UK in 1311 A.D. It is the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.
© Never House - The Great Pyramid of Giza
- The Great Sphinx of Giza was carved around 4,500 years ago. It stands 241 feet long, 66 feet high and 20 feet wide. The face on the sphinx was made to resemble Pharaoh Khafra.
© Jack Versloot - The Great Sphinx at Giza
Pyramids were built as tombs to house the dead pharaohs. They were stocked with treasures and items they would need in the afterlife such as food, amulets, scarabs, masks and sacrificial objects.
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Ancient Egypt’s Most Important Gods
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©Aleksandar Cocek - Hieroglyphs at Karnak
The Nile played a key part in the development of Ancient Egypt. It provided direct means of transportation across the country, often carrying the materials many constructions were made of. Not only did it become an important trade route, but its recurrent, predictable floods transformed the dry lands into fertile soil. The thriving crops and the abundance of fish in the water supported life in the otherwise barren sands of the African deserts.
Click here to learn more about The Nile River (for Kids)
The ancient Egyptian civilization lasted for thousands of years. Culturally and religiously it changed very little, but from it came incredible inventions and insights that we still use today.
One of the most famous symbols of ancient Egypt is the hieroglyphic writing.
Egyptians developed three types of writing, which were used for papyrus documents and engraved on walls.
People had to follow specific training in order to learn how to write and were named scribes.
Click here to learn more about Egyptian hieroglyphics